Historical overview[ edit ] The term flashbulb memory was coined by Brown and Kulik in The representations created by the special mechanism are detailed, accurate, vivid, and resistant to forgetting. Ultimately over the years, four models of flashbulb memories have emerged to explain the phenomenon: When the event is viewed as a positive event, individuals show higher rates of reliving and sensory imagery, also showed having more live-qualities associated with the event.
Open the pod bay doors, HAL. A science-fiction film, written and directed by Stanley Kubrickwith help from Arthur C. The unearthing of one of their artifacts on the moon leads to an ill-fated expedition being dispatched to Jupiter, culminating in a famously incomprehensible climax.
The novel offers an if not the explanation for the latter. Still one of the "hardest" sci-fi films ever made, it is known for its very slow pacing and enigmatic plot.
One of them was made into a movie as well In Marvel Comics published a Comic-Book Adaptation of the film written and drawn by Jack Kirbyfollowed by an ongoing series which ran for ten issues. The first seven issues focused on the Monolith aiding various humans in the past and the future, while the last three focused on X a.
Machine Man, who was later incorporated into the Marvel Universe. He pops up through a rift in the Portal level, interacting with- who else? This film provides examples of: The "Star Child" is presumably the hyper-evolved Bowman, but how this transformation takes place is not specified.
Dave going through the Star Gate is probably the most famous example. Kubrick and Clarke then expanded the story into a film and book that were released simultaneously.
Clarke stated the book should be credited as "Clarke and Kubrick", with "Kubrick and Clarke" credited for the screenplay. The reason for this change was to avoid a Special Effect Failure: The rings of the Saturn model, constructed using the best available information, looked too "artificial.
One of the cryogenically frozen crew is called Peter Whitehead in the book, but is named Jack Kimball in the film. The other two astronauts are Charles Hunter and Victor Kaminski in both versions, so the reason for this change is unknown.
In the book, HAL is a sympathetic character who is so human that he develops a psychosis, and his reasons for why he takes the actions he does are explained. The instructions that he was given from the White House to conceal the monolith clashed with his basic programming not to conceal information from the crew.
HAL was working on a non-murderous solution to the problem, but overheard plans from Mission Control to temporarily disconnect him. The film is often cited as an example of A. HAL is programmed to be friendly and easy to work with, albeit somewhat narcissistic.
HAL goes rogue and murders the crew of Discovery because of a Logic Bomb accidentally created by his programmers.
The moving, floating tesseracts from the "beyond the infinite" sequence. Also, see First Contact Mathbelow. In the novel, the "hotel" area constructed by the Firstborn to receive Bowman is based on TV broadcasts received by the Monolith.
They also put the bathroom mirror over the tub instead of the sink. In the book, there are other anomalies, such as writing that is blurry in close-up, and all the food containers have an identical substance that in no way resembles human food while still being perfectly nutritious.Affect: One of the more interesting pieces of a flashbulb memory is the individual's affect and the affect of the person providing the information.
Flashbulb memories are a type of long-term memory. These memories are focused around specific, shocking, emotional events. Flashbulb memories are high in details such as location, emotion, and surroundings.
Many people feel that they can correctly remember all of these details because of the vividness of the event. Toads mature in very definite stages - in fact, a baby toad looks nothing like an adult.
Come and learn about the life cycle of a toad and about. Flashbulb memories are those distinctly precise, vivid, long-lasting, concrete memories, and which are about a personal circumstance that surrounds an individual’s understanding of events that were shocking to him/her. This kind of memory involves remembrance with clarity that is almost perceptual.
They could tell me where they were and who they were with when they found out the president had been shot. In , Roger Brown and James Kulik called memories like this flashbulb memories. This film provides examples of: Absent Aliens: The film may, or may not, contain aliens; the beings who set up the monoliths, receive Dave Bowman in the pseudo-hotel room and are heard only as high-pitched, rapid chittering noises note may, or may not be evolved humans.
The "Star Child" is presumably the hyper-evolved Bowman, but how this .