The economic symbiosis that fuels these two organizations offers Florida associations efficient communication networks and viable lobbying vehicles while providing the two legal powerhouses with a client supermarket. After bringing a high profile association bill to fruition during his rookie year, Moraitis met with constituents on the GMCA Advisory Board to solicit their legislative agenda.
Backstrom, and Steve Kerber Educational Objectives 1 Gain an understanding of the behavioral differences between solid wood joist and lightweight wood structural members under fire attack. Between and26 firefighters lost their lives in residential building collapses.
The ensuing National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH investigations highlighted the impact of rapid fire spread through areas of unprotected wood construction, the collapse of unprotected dimensional lumber, and the collapse of lightweight engineered wood components.
In addition, departments nationwide have experienced countless near-miss incidents. Recent initiatives such as the National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System have documented more than 80 reports of incidents involving lightweight and truss construction.
In response to a growing number of line-of-duty deaths and injuries from fires involving engineered lumber, Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
Residential buildings are increasingly replacing conventional solid joist construction with modern lightweight construction, such as lightweight wood trusses and engineered I-joists, in roof and floor designs.
The comparison of this performance was the focus of this test series. The tests included six structural elements, three ceiling finish configurations, four floor or roof finishes, and one test examining finished ceiling penetrations Figure 1.
All of the test assemblies conformed to the dimensions and span of the available test furnace 14 feet by 17 feet. The structural members tested spanned 14 feet, even though some of the assemblies are capable of spanning greater distances because of either the material strength or joist depth of the floor or roof assembly being tested.
Some the spans for these tests are conservative; view resulting failure times with this in mind. Had the structural members been allowed to support loads for a longer span, the resulting failure times would have been potentially accelerated, thus reducing the collapse time for the assembly.
Measurements taken during each experiment include observation of the conditions of the ceiling and floor or roof surfaces, temperatures in the concealed space above the ceiling membrane, deflections of the floor and roof surfaces, and failure times of the tested assemblies.
This test series used this accepted ASTM E testing method to evaluate the performance of nonfire rated floor and roof construction found in legacy and modern residential construction.
The current model building codes do not require fire resistance ratings for these floor and roof assemblies. The standard set by ASTM E describes a fire test method that establishes a benchmark fire resistance performance between different types of building assemblies.
These hourly time ratings are not intended to convey the actual time a specific component or assembly will withstand a real fire event. All fires are different. Variations result from room size, combustible content, and ventilation conditions. The ASTM E test method is designed to provide a useful benchmark for building code officials and fire protection engineers, enabling a comparison of fire performance between test samples within the laboratory environment.
Typically the ASTM E test procedure requires a larger, uniformly applied load to the floor designed to fully stress, or almost fail, all supporting structural members.
To represent fire service personnel, the assemblies were also loaded with two mannequins, each outfitted in fire gear and weighing pounds, placed in the center of the floor or roof assembly.
For the two tests that represented roof-ceilings assemblies, the two mannequins were the only live loads applied to the test assemblies. The collapse times for all of the assemblies are shown in Figure 1. All of this information could not be included in a single article or report, so it has been developed into a Web-based outreach program for the fire service.
This free interactive program is at www. Floor collapse in six minutes. Engineered wood floor assemblies have the potential to collapse very quickly under well-ventilated fire conditions. When it comes to lightweight construction, there is no margin of safety. There is less wood to burn and, therefore, potentially less time to collapse.
The results of tests comparing the fire performance of conventional and modern construction will improve the understanding of the hazards of lightweight construction and help incident commanders, company officers, and firefighters to evaluate the fire hazards present during a given incident and allow a more informed risk-benefit analysis when assessing life safety risks to building occupants and firefighters.
The fire environment has changed. The size-up of any given structure is, for the most part, based on previous fireground experiences; most of that experience comes from fighting fires in the homes of yesterday, fairly robust 1,square-foot legacy-type homes constructed with solid dimensional lumber.
But today, as more homes are constructed with lightweight materials, traditional size-up techniques may not provide proper risk assessment. The increased size of these buildings, use of large unprotected areas of lightweight construction, and resulting fires from modern synthetic fuel loads have proven to be catastrophic.
Adequate personnel must be dispatched and available to ensure that basic fireground operations can be completed in a safe and timely manner. Thermal imaging cameras do not provide an adequate indication of a weakened floor or pending collapse. There is a potentially dangerous misconception in the fire service that TICs can detect fire on the floor below or above a firefighter.
TICs detect variations in surface temperatures for objects in the field of vision.Based on Regency Plaza case study, the project manager Kris Hodgkin was tasked to build and design a hotel rooms and 96 luxury condominiums.
She was hire when the project in near completion and thus have to face various difficulties concerning the customer, resource, equipment and time. Follow-up phase; Figure 1: Project management in six phases, with the central theme of each phase The prospective sponsors of the project evaluate the proposal and, upon approval, provide the necessary financing.
The project officially begins at the time of approval. Because there had been no definition phase in the project, no clear. To be effective, politicians must master a spectrum of communication skills.
The art of defining an issue and exhorting the need for a piece of palliative legislation in the same breath is known as “spin”. 1. Evaluate the project definition phase of the Regency Plaza project.
How do the problems that emerged during the project relate to how the project definition . Evaluate the project definition phase of the Regency Plaza project.
3|Page. details and the accuracy of the work. 3. where Hogkins need to control the design. Documents Similar To PM - Group Project (Regency Plaza).pdf. 10 Golden Rules of Project Risk Management. Uploaded by. Daniel Robin. RegencyPlaza Online Case Study. . SAM, LLC: Using Technology to Enhance Solutions.
Posted by RIEGL on September 26, Surveying and Mapping, LLC (SAM) was founded in with a core guiding principle of leveraging the latest technologies to maximize value for clients.