Patricia's siblings also became actors: RosannaRichmondAlexisand David. When she was a child, her parents offered to get her braces for her teeth; but she refused, telling them she wanted to have flaws because it would help her with character acting.
They set out to map the actual mental behaviors of experienced writers at work, and they represented them as a "flow chart" of boxes indicating processes e.
Before Flower and Hayes produced their model, other researchers had disproved the popular late-twentieth-century model of the composing process that taught it occurred in three, non-reversible linear stages: By observing and listening to inexperienced and experienced writers at work, Sondra Perl, Nancy Sommers, and others discovered big differences in how those writers worked.
Experienced writers combined elements of all three "stages" in complex but identifiable ways to think their way toward a finished written document. Thus, for them, writing is not linear, except perhaps in the forward movement of "Translation," in which thoughts are cast into sentences, and in moments of "Reading" in aid of "Revision," when parts of the writing are replayed linearly in the mind.
Instead, most of the composing process is complex, multi-layered and recursive, so that many of those processes can be operating at once, and information can flow back and forth among boxes in several directions at once.
Inexperienced writers who have been taught the traditional "pre-writing," "writing," "editing" sequence may try to ignore or shut down parts of the process which do not seem to fit. They also may become trapped in tiny "loops" in the process. That prevents their "Monitor" from consulting their larger purposes in writing and the logical shape of the paragraph or whole text.
This prevents writers from discovering genuinely new ideas while writing, because their attention is absorbed by the pursuit of real or imagined mechanical errors. This is not to say that error correction is not important, but when it, and fear of the Audience, dominate the process, they stifle creative logical thinking.
Much of the "growth" in this model as a result of these criticisms happened because emotional and social influences on writers came to be recognized as essential elements in how we write.
Post Structuralism, Post Feminism, etc. For an interesting review of a essay collection based on that assumption, see Kevin J. Southern Illinois UP, Works Referred to on this Page: A Journal of Rhetorical Theory. Emotion and the Composing Process. A Critique and a Proposal.
Flower, Linda, and John R. Beyond the Writing Process Paradigm]. Beyond the Writing-Process Paradigm.Writing Research and the Writer.
|Account Options||When i picked up this book i expected to read a harrowing story, i imagined a girl who had been kidnapped and taken off to a place like Africa, Congo, or in the remote areas of Russia, a girl who was tied to a bed, in a locked room and forced to have sex with various guys, a girl with no chance to call for HELP, a girl that was forced to do such acts, a 'VICTIM'. The so called ''victim'' in this book Sophie Hayes was not taken to a remote place like Congo, she was not locked in a room or tied to a bed.|
|Contribute to This Page||Jump to Services This survey has no authority other than my own ornery wish to help aspiring writers make progress; I'm really a writer, not a surveyor.|
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Hayes, John R.; Flower, Linda S. American Psychologist, v41 n10 p Oct There has been a shift of emphasis in research on the teaching of writing. The focus changed from the products of writing to writing processes. This has strong implications for instruction.
Links to Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror authors' home pages with last names starting 'C'; additional biographies and bibliographies; total links, names, pseudonyms, and descriptions. Last year I wrote Trafficked: The Diary of a Sex Slave to try and raise awareness about trafficking so after my research for it I was expecting a lot of the horrific ordeal that Sophie describes in her book, but many others will not be.
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Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Modeling and Remodeling Writing Show all authors. Modifying Hayes and Flower’s model of skilled writing to explain beginning and developing writing. In Butterfield, E. C., My past and present as writing researcher and thoughts about the future of writing research.
In Berninger, V. W. (Ed.), Past. Writing Research and the Writer This document is copyrighted by the American Psychological Association or one of its allied publishers.
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