Sickle cell patient treatment essay

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Sickle cell patient treatment essay

The infection then spreads to the kidneys. There are a number of ways in which the bacteria can achieve this: After going to the toilet and using toilet paper to clean the anus, there may be contact with the genitals, resulting in an infection getting through and working its way up to the kidneys.

The infection could also enter via the anus. Bacteria occupy the colon and eventually cause a kidney infection. Women are more vulnerable to bladder infections and ultimately kidney infections than men, because their urethra is shorter, making it easier for infections to reach parts of the urinary tract more quickly.

A urinary catheter is a tube that is inserted into the bladder through the urethra to drain out urine. Having a urinary catheter raises the risk of developing a urinary tract infection UTI. This includes kidney infection. Individuals with kidney stones have a higher risk of developing kidney infection.

Kidney stones are the result of a buildup of dissolved minerals on the inner lining of the kidneys. Males with an enlarged prostate have a higher risk of developing kidney infections. If sexual intercourse irritates the urethra there may be a higher risk of bacteria getting inside the urinary tract and eventually reaching the kidneys.

Some patients with weakened immune systems may have a bacterial or fungal infection on their skin, which eventually gets into the bloodstream and attacks the kidneys.

What is the urinary tract? Diagram of the urinary system. The urinary tract consists of: The majority of humans have two kidneys, one on either side of the abdomen. Kidneys clear poisonous substances from the blood. Urine passes from the kidneys to the bladder through tubes called ureters.

Each kidney has one ureter connecting it to the bladder. This is a hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. A tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body.

In males, the urethra travels down the middle of the penis to an opening at the end. In females, the urethra runs from the bladder to just above the vaginal opening.

Sickle cell patient treatment essay

The urethra in females is shorter than in males. Treatment Kidney infection can either be treated at home or in a hospital; this will depend on several factors, including the severity of symptoms and the patient's general state of health.

Treatment at home consists of taking prescribed oral antibiotics. The patient should start to feel better after a few days. It is essential that the individual finishes treatment and complies with their doctor's instructions.

Consuming plenty of fluids will help prevent fever and dehydration. Fluid intake recommendations may vary, depending on the type of infection.

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The doctor may also prescribe an analgesic if there is any pain. If the individual is treated in hospital and suffers from dehydration, fluids may be administered with a drip.Acute chest syndrome is an important complication of sickle cell disease characterised by fever and/or respiratory symptoms and a new pulmonary infiltrate on chest X-Ray.

acquired trait: A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation (for example, the large.

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serious and humerous. Subjects include longevity, health, anti-aging. Patients with sickle cell disease have a mutation in a gene on chromosome 11 that codes for the beta subunit of the hemoglobin protein, Essay about Sickle Cell Disease TREATMENT OPTIONS There is NO cure for sickle cell disease, although new stem cell.

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