Theoritical background

Sign up Theoretical Background The theoretical foundation of the stories stems from knowledge in the field of developmental and child psychology.

Theoritical background

General Wellness Theoretical Background It is important to understand that IMAGE was developed after examining the theory and research in the prevention and behavior field relevant to the development of an effective program.

What is theoretical framework? definition and meaning - It is through relational processes that we create the world in which we most want to live and work.
Stages of Change A theoretical framework guides your research, determining what things you will measure, and what statistical relationships you will look for. Theoretical frameworks are obviously critical in deductive, theory-testing sorts of studies see Kinds of Research for more information.
Social Construction: Orienting Principles I means dealing with the hypothetical.

Thus, IMAGE is unique in that it Theoritical background best practices and theories of prevention programming with theories of behavior change including: Social Norms Theory One of the most influential prevention theories developed in the past twenty years is without a doubt Social Norms Theory.

As of late, the efficacy of these marketing campaigns in impacting drinking rates has been debated. What has been observed, however, is that campuses have had success with social norming when conducted in small groups, as opposed to campus-wide efforts.

University of Arizona has seen consistent decreases in drinking among sorority womenwhile University of North Carolina Chapel Hill and University of Virginia have seen reductions in drinking among first year students who were targeted with norming messages.

Rather than provide students with normative feedback based on campus-wide data, Far and Miller 19 provided group-specific normative data to targeted groups. The results included reductions in both small group drinking in fraternities, sororities, and first-year students and campus-wide reductions.

University of Virginia saw decreased negative consequences among fraternity men ; University of Rhode Island witnessed reduced drinking and negative consequences 23 ; and University of Washington reported reduced drinking rates, lowered peak BAC, and reduced negative consequences among fraternity men.

Stages of Change The Transtheoretical Model or Stages of Change theory examines the process of Theoritical background behavior change, and states there are a series of stages through which people pass when making changes. Next, in Contemplation, the person begins to think about making behavior changes.

Then, the person moves through Preparation in order to get ready to make the change and into Action during which behavior change occurs.

In terms of prevention, it has been found that students are impacted by normative information differently depending on their readiness to change their drinking behavior. Specifically, students in Precontemplation not currently willing to make changes in their drinking are impacted by both campus-wide normative data and cohort normative data.

Students in Contemplation are only impacted by cohort normative data, while students in Action are not impacted by normative data at all. Motivational Interviewing A brief summary of the Motivational Interviewing MI approach is that clients can be motivated to make changes in their lives using a non-threatening approach which incorporates personalized feedback.

The non-threatening approach is important when working with the college-aged population as it breaks down the defensiveness and frustration often exhibited when conversations about alcohol are initiated within this group.

The Project Investigator has extensive training and experience using MI, and has published a book which integrates the Stages of Change approach and MI techniques. This is simply providing students with information about their own drinking behavior as compared to other students whom they view as being similar to themselves.

Not only has MI demonstrated positive results with personalized feedback in college student alcohol treatment 30it has also been shown to be effective repeatedly in terms of alcohol prevention among college students.

In fact, the stronger the referent meaning that the student sees himself or herself as very similar to the comparison studentthe stronger the impact of the personalized normative feedback. Ajzen and Fishbein 40 found that engaging in a behavior is predicted by the intention to do so; from this finding, they developed the Theory of Reasoned Action.

With the addition of the self-efficacy construct, the theory was expanded to the Theory of Planned Behavior. Self-efficacy was defined as having the skills needed to perform the behavior as well as perceiving a lack of obstacles or environmental constraints.

Statements of intent have been linked with subsequent behavior change across a range of behaviors including marijuana useHIV prevention 45nursing practice adaptation 46nutritionmammography 48violence prevention 49exercise acquisition 52and smoking 53 to name a few.

Theoritical background

Construction of the Model: Putting it All Together In designing a comprehensive theoretical model, UH Wellness sought to construct an intervention that increased motivation to change while providing the tools and ability to do so.

Walters 50 indicated that personalized feedback produces just such motivation among college students, while Martens and colleagues 51 suggested incorporating a discussion of self-protective behaviors into personalized feedback sessions. After reviewing literature which documents that less frequent use of self-protective behaviors is related to increased negative alcohol-related consequences 51UH Wellness decided to focus on self-protective behaviors as the mechanisms of change.

To synthesize the relevant theory and research outlined above, it was determined that an effective intervention should: Each component of the IMAGE intervention has been specifically designed to target these key elements of effective prevention programs as described in the theory and research.

The IMAGE model, then, suggests that students can be motivated by normative, cohort-based feedback to overtly state an intention to implement an alcohol-related self-protective behavior. Further, those that do so are more likely to follow-through with that intention, resulting in subsequent changes to their alcohol use behavior.theoritical background Using the HM hydrostatic bench, many type of experiment in the field of hydrostatics of liquid and gases can be performed.

It was designed to demonstrate the properties and behaviour of fluid under hydrostatic condition(At rest). It is the framework of the studied case. You can always have a source of that in the previous research. Theoretical Background The theoretical foundation of the stories stems from knowledge in the field of developmental and child psychology.

This field focuses on a broad range of areas of development of children, such as emotional and social development, psychopathology, language development, and psychomotor development. The theoretical background introduces and critically comments on definitions, theories and explanatory approaches in relation to problematic and non-habitual, controlled drug use; deficiency-oriented.


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Theoretical Background and Mission Statement | The Taos Institute

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This chapter first lays out the aim and approach of the book. The aim is to analyse the Greek language question within the context of nation-building and identity formation. Drawing on a variety of sources (literary, historical, and combative) and with the help of linguistics, literary studies, and anthropology, the book presents a historical study of . Theoretical Background. It is important to understand that IMAGE was developed after examining the theory and research in the prevention and behavior field . Sample Theoretical Background For A Website Thesis. Faculty of Business and Enterprise Australian Graduate School of Entrepreneurship (AGSE) Thesis Proposal Template This is to be a word document that will be evaluated by the research committee of the Faculty of Business and Enterprise. It is recognised that under supervision, the .

Just as a research problem in your paper requires contextualization and background information, a theory requires a framework for understanding its application to the topic being investigated.

When writing and revising this part of your research paper, keep in mind the following.

What is a theoretical background example