Descriptive passages in fiction Example: The iPhone 6 is unexpectedly light. While size of its screen is bigger than those of the iPhones that came before, it is thinner, and its smooth, rounded body is made of aluminum, stainless steel, and glass.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Meaning and style in language The whole object and purpose of language is to be meaningful.
Languages have developed and are constituted in their present forms in order to meet the needs of communication in all its aspects.
It is because the needs of human communication are so various and so multifarious that the study of meaning is probably the most difficult and baffling part of the serious study of language. Traditionally, language has been defined as the expression of thought, but this involves far too narrow an interpretation of language or far too wide a view of thought to be serviceable.
The expression of thought is just one among the many functions performed by language in certain contexts. Types of meaning Structural, or grammatical, meaning First, one must recognize that the meaning of any sentence comprises two parts: In English the dog chased the cat and the boy chased the cat differ in meaning because dog and boy are different words with different word meanings; the same applies to equivalent sentences in other languages.
The two sentences the dog chased the cat and the cat chased the dog, though containing exactly the same words, are different in meaning because the different word orders distinguish what are conventionally called subject and object.
In Latin the two corresponding sentences would be distinguished not by word order, which is grammatically indifferent and largely a matter of style, but by different shapes in the lexical equivalents of dog and cat. In Japanese the grammatical distinction of subject and object, normally marked by the word order subject—object—verb SOVcan be reinforced by a subject particle after the first word and an object particle after the second.
The formal resources of any language for making distinctions in the structural meanings of sentences are limited by two things: Writing copies the time stream of speech with the linear flow of scripts. Diagrams and pictures employ two dimensions, and models employ three; but writing is partially relieved of memory-span restrictions by the permanence of visual marks.
Because written texts are almost entirely divorced from oral pronunciation, sentence length and sentence complexity can be carried to extremes, as may be observed in some legal and legislative documents that are virtually unintelligible if read aloud.
Within these linear restrictions, distinctions corresponding to the main uses of language can be made. All languages can employ different sentence structures to state facts declarativeto ask questions interrogativeand to enjoin or forbid some course of action imperative.
More delicate means exist to soften or modify these basic distinctions—e. Languages use their resources differently for these purposes, but, generally speaking, each seems to be equally flexible structurally.
The principal resources are word order, word form, and, in speech, pitch and stress placement. In English, as an example, a word or phrase can be highlighted by being placed first in the sentence when it would not normally occur there: The object noun or noun phrase can also be put first by making the sentence passive; this allows the original subject to be omitted if one does not know or does not want to refer to an agent: Within and together with all these possibilities, almost any word can be made contrastively prominent in spoken language by being stressed spoken more loudly or by being uttered on a higher pitchand very often these two are combined: Prominence is especially associated with intonationitself an important carrier of structural meaning in speech.
One may state facts, ask questions, and give instructions with a variety of intonations indicating, along with visible gestures, different attitudes, feelings, and social and personal relations between speaker and hearer.
The possibilities of expressing structural meanings are a highly important part of any language. Scholars continue to analyze these resources as they pursue a full understanding of all the semantic functions performed by means of these resources.
Lexical meaning The other component of sentence meaning is word meaning, the individual meanings of the words in a sentence, as lexical items. The concept of word meaning is a familiar one.
Dictionaries list words and in one way or another state their meanings.Effectively writing different types of essays has become critical to academic success.
Essay writing is a common school assignment, a part of standardized tests, and a requirement on college applications. An English writing style is a way of using the English language. The style of a piece of writing is the way in which features of the language are used to convey meaning, typically but not always within the constraints of more widely accepted conventions of usage, grammar, and spelling.
Like descriptive writing, narrative writing aims to entertain the reader; however, instead of trying to entertain the reader with the beauty of its language, the writer is trying to tell a story. If an author adopts an expository writing style to tell a story, the author can quickly bore the reader.
Oct 02, · The four writing styles are expository, persuasive, descriptive, and narrative. General, the definitions of these words can help you to quickly categorize writing into one of them.
(1) Expository: Also called informative writing, this style of writing attempts to relay facts for the sole purpose of spreading information.
Language - Meaning and style in language: The whole object and purpose of language is to be meaningful. Languages have developed and are constituted in their present forms in order to meet the needs of communication in all its aspects.
It is because the needs of human communication are so various and so multifarious that the study of meaning is probably the most difficult and baffling part of. Written and spoken versions of a language use different styles, different registers.
To talk in "written English" may be no more appropriate than to write using a "spoken" variety of English. Generally speaking, written English is always more formal than spoken English.